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    Rights at a glance

    Here you can see at a glance all the rights that we at VG Bild-Kunst manage for our members.

    Reproduction right

    Professional group: I§§: 16, 17
    AdminAgreement: §1 Abs. 2, lit bDP: 2. Reproduction right

    Anyone wishing to print or reproduce illustrations of works of visual art can receive a licence to do so from VG Bild-Kunst at the appropriate tariffs. The user can check online beforehand whether an artist is represented by VG Bild-Kunst.

    Online-right

    Professional Group: I§§: 19a
    AdminAgreement: §1 Abs. 2, lit bDP: 2. Reproduction right

    If works of visual art are to be used online, e.g. on a website, the necessary licence can also be obtained from VG Bild-Kunst. Through the international OnlineArt association (OLA), VG Bild-Kunst has access to substantial repertoire and is in a position to grant the rights for worldwide call-downs.

    Resale royalty right

    Professional group: I und II§§: 26
    AdminAgreement: §1 Abs. 1, lit dDP: 1. Resale royalty right

    Through the resale royalty right, visual artists throughout Europe can participate in the revenue from the resale of their works via galleries and auction houses. In Germany, part of the royalties in question is collected by the ‘Ausgleichsvereinigung Kunst’ (AV Kunst) association, the managing director of which is VG Bild-Kunst.

    Broadcasting right

    Professional group: I§§: 20
    AdminAgreement: §1 Abs. 1, lit cDP: 3. Broadcasting right

    When works of visual art are shown on television, such broadcasts are licensed by VG Bild-Kunst. Appropriate general agreements have been concluded with the broadcasting organisations ARD and ZDF.

    Cable retransmission

    Professional group: I, II and II§§: 20b

    AdminAgreement:

    • PG I/II §1 Abs. 1, lit b
    • PG III § 1 lit f

    DP:

    • PG I/II 10. Retransmission
    • PG III 11. Cable retransmission royalty

    The simultaneous re-distribution of television programmes by cable network operators or online providers involves a royalty claim that in Germany is largely administered by GEMA. VG Bild-Kunst receives shares for both the authors of still pictures and film authors. In addition, it also receives royalties for cable retransmissions in other countries through its sister societies there.

    Library royalty

    Professional group: I, II and III§§: 27 II

    AdminAgreement:

    • BG I/II §1 Abs. 1, lit e
    • BG III § 1 lit c

    DP:

    • BG I/II 5. Library royalty
    • BG III 12. Rental of video cassettes

    The German states pay compensation to the Zentralstelle Bibliothekstantieme (ZBT, Central Organisation for Library Royalties) for borrowing books, miscellaneous printed works, CDs, audio books and film DVDs from public bookshops, community libraries and large businesses. This organisation, in turn, pays the shares due to still image authors and film authors to the collecting society VG Bild-Kunst.

    Video rental

    Professional group: III§§: 27 I
    AdminAgreement: §1 lit c

    DP: 12. Rental of video cassettes

    Borrowing of film DVDs from videothèques in return for a fee involves a royalty claim that is administered by the Zentralstelle Video-Vermietung (Central Agency for Video Rentals = ZVV). For years, revenues have been on the decline, as the trend is towards online videothèques.

    Hardware levies

    Professional group: I, II and III§§: 53, 54

    AdminAgreement:

    • PG I/II § 1 Abs. 1 lit f
    • PG III § 1 lit e

    DP:

    • PG I/II 6. Royalty for copying
    • PG III 13. Levy on hardware and blank media

    The copying of material protected by copyright for private purposes is permitted in Germany on certain conditions (e.g. no copies from illegal sources, no circumvention of copy protection systems). By way of compensation, the law makes provision for a levy on hardware and storage media. Where audio and film recording equipment is affected, the levy is administered by the Zentralstelle für private Überspielungsrechte (Central Organisation for Private Copying Rights =ZPÜ) – an alliance of German collecting societies. If text and video recording equipment is involved, the levy is jointly managed by VG Wort and VG Bild-Kunst. Both collecting societies also work together with ZPÜ, when it mainly concerns hardware and media that cover both options. VG Bild-Kunst receives shares of this levy for its rights owners.

    Operator remuneration

    Professional group: I and II§§: 54c
    AdminAgreement: §1 Abs. 1 lit f

    DP: 6. Royalty on copying

    In addition to the levy on hardware and storage media the law stipulates that copyshop operators and various educational establishments offering conventional copying facilities pay a separate remuneration, which is administered by VG Wort.

    Intranet at schools

    Professional group: I, II and III§§: 52a

    AdminAgreement:

    • PG I/II § 1 Abs. 1 lit h
    • PG III § 1 lit k

    DP:

    • PG I/II 6. Royalty on copying
    • PG III 13. Levy on hardware and blank media

    The compensation for intranet usage at schools is collected by the Zentralstelle Bibliothekstantieme (ZBT, Central Organisation for Library Royalties). The expiration deadline under § 52a UrhG (German Copyright Act), which permits intranet usage for the purposes of instruction in exchange for reasonable compensation, was lifted in 2014 after being repeatedly extended for just 2 years. Continuous fee collection is now secured.

    Intranet use at universities

    Professional group: I, II and III§§: 52a

    AdminAgreement:

    • PG I/II § 1 Abs. 1 lit h
    • PG III § 1 lit k

    DP:

    • PG I/II 6. Royalty on copying
    • PG III 13. Levy on hardware and blank media

    As regards intranet usage at institutions of higher education, there is an agreement between the German federal states and the collection societies (with the exception of the collecting society VG Wort), which is managed by the collecting society VG Bild-Kunst. The expiration deadline under § 52a UrhG (German Copyright Act), which permits intranet usage for the purposes of teaching and research in exchange for reasonable compensation, was lifted in 2014 after being repeatedly extended for just 2 years. Continuous fee collection is now secured.

    Electronic reading places

    Professional Group: I and II§§: 52b
    AdminAgreement: § 1 Abs. 1 lit h

    DP: 6. Royalty on copying

    VG Wort and VG Bild-Kunst offer a general agreement for libraries, museums and public archives covering the use of works in electronic reading places. So far, however, hardly any individual agreements have been concluded, as the legal scope of the ruling is not attractive to users. Moreover, a test case has been brought before the European Court of Justice (ECJ) on the scope of the limitation.

    Copies sent upon request

    Professional Group: I and II§§: 53a
    AdminAgreement: §1 Abs. 1 lit j

    DP: 6. Royalty on copying

    The collecting societies VG Wort and VG Bild-Kunst have concluded an agreement with Germany's federal and state governments; fee collection is carried out by VG Wort.

    Photocopying at schools

    Professional group: I and II§§: 53 III
    AdminAgreement: §1 Abs. 1 lit f

    DP: 6. Royalty on copying

    The fees for analogous and digital photocopying at schools are collected by the Zentralstelle Fotokopieren an Schulen (ZFS, Central Office for Photocopying at Schools) which is based at the collecting society VG Wort. Additional shareholders are the collecting societies VG Bild-Kunst and VG Musikedition. At the end of 2014, a new compensation agreement was concluded, the fees of which account for the sharp increase in copying volumes evidenced by studies.

    Royalty on reader circles

    Professional group: I and II§§: 27
    AdminAgreement: §1 Abs. 1 lit e

    DP: 9. Royalty on reader circles

    VG Wort and VG Bild-Kunst have entered into a general agreement with the Verband Deutscher Lesezirkel (Association of German Reader Circles). The royalty is on the decrease.

    Press review royalty

    Professional group: I and II§§: 49
    AdminAgreement: §1 Abs. 1 lit g

    DP: 8. Press review royalty

    The royalty for printed press reviews is administered by VG Wort, which has its own agreement with the company Pressemonitor for electronic press reviews.

    Broadcasting right remuneration – films in other countries

    Professional group: III§§:
    AdminAgreement: §1 lit h

    DP: With no deductions as per information furnished by partner societies

    In some countries (e.g. Italy, Spain), directors have a statutory claim to a broadcasting right remuneration against the broadcasters that has to be handled through a collecting society. VG Bild-Kunst receives these remunerations from the foreign partner societies for its members.